The role of whole-Body fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in staging and surveillance of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
Keywords:Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, mucosa-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT) lymphoma, Marginal zone lymphoma of MALT, field of view, PET/CT
AbstractWe present the case of a 79-year-old male, who was initially treated for mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALT lymphoma) of the right eyelid, and later for disease relapse in the stomach. During follow up, he was noted to have developed left arm nodules just medial to the proximal biceps muscle, which were found to be multiply enlarged lymph nodes on subsequent ultrasound imaging. Excisional biopsy of these nodes revealed MALT lymphoma. He was initially referred for consideration of radiation, but a restaging F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography integrated with computed tomography (F-18 FDG PET/CT) further identified a focus of suspicious uptake in left calf, which was later also biopsy proven to be MALT lymphoma. His disease was upstaged as the result of this later finding, and the overall recommendation for treatment changed to favor systemic treatment with Rituximab.
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