Adventitious bursitis in the plantar fat pad of forefoot presenting as a tumoral mass

Adventitious bursitis in the plantar fat pad of forefoot presenting as a tumoral mass

Hichem Zidani, Idan Genah, Marick Lae, Valerie Bousson, Jean Denis Laredo

Abstract


Adventitious bursitis of the plantar fat pad is a common cause of forefoot pain. It may develop at sites where subcutaneous tissue is exposed to friction and high pressure. In the forefoot, adventitious bursitis is usually adjacent to bony prominences of the metatarsal heads. Diagnosis and management of adventitious bursitis usually do not require imaging studies. However, the condition occasionally presents as a solid pseudotumoral mass requiring imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may demonstrate a heterogeneous mass with a solid component exhibiting intermediate to high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and thick nodular enhancement suggesting a neoplastic lesion. We report three cases of adventitious bursitis in patients who complained of a painful palpable mass on the forefoot, with a partially solid and enhancing component seen on MRI. In the first case, a biopsy was performed for the diagnosis of adventitious bursitis. The two other cases exhibited a solid component on MRI. However, a diagnosis of adventitious bursitis was suspected, and it was felt that a biopsy could be postponed. The spontaneous regression of the mass with relative discharge of the forefoot pressure confirmed the diagnosis. With these three cases, we illustrate the MR findings that could suggest adventitious bursitis despite the presence of a solid component and that may obviate the need for pathologic proof.

Keywords


Adventitious bursitis; forefoot; plantar fat pad; soft tissue tumor; MRI; pseudotumoral mass; soft tissue mass



DOI: https://doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v14i2.3711