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Although rare, popliteal vein aneurysms can lead to pulmonary emboli, which can be fatal. Imaging findings on ultrasound include a popliteal fossa mass which demonstrates swirling of its contents, biphasic venous waveform of low flow and communication with the popliteal vein.






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Popliteal vein aneurysm presenting as recurrent pulmonary embolism

Free full text article: Popliteal vein aneurysm presenting as recurrent pulmonary embolism

Abstract
Although rare, popliteal vein aneurysms can lead to pulmonary emboli, which can be fatal. We present a case of a popliteal vein aneurysm in a 39-year-old female who presented with her third episode of pulmonary embolism despite being on anticoagulants. Computed Tomography Venogram demonstrated a large Popliteal Vein Aneurysm measuring 71 x 36 x 77 mm which was surgically repaired. According to the current literature, anticoagulation is insufficient therefore early surgical intervention is recommended as it is safe and effective.






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