The Teaching Point

Dracunculiasis of the breast is a rare disease that manifests as coarse linear calcifications that have a coiled or serpiginous linear appearance on mammogram. This diagnosis should be a consideration in patients who have recently emigrated from countries where dracunculus medinensis infection is endemic, or from countries where eradication occurred after the patient immigrated to a non-endemic country.






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Dracunculiasis of the Breast: Radiological Manifestations of a Rare Disease

Free full text article: Dracunculiasis of the Breast:  Radiological Manifestations of a Rare Disease

Abstract
Dracunculiasis of the breast is a rare manifestation of prior infection with the parasite dracunculus medinensis (guinea worm). We describe a case of a 60-year-old woman, who had recently emigrated from Cameroon. She presented for an annual screening mammogram and was found to have coarse linear or coiled serpiginous calcifications. These findings were recognized as calcified guinea worms within the breast tissue. This case report aims to highlight the mammographic findings of this rare infectious disease.






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