Question:

Which presents most commonly along with a Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection?
1. Ventricular septal defect
2. Sinus Venosus ASD
3. Secundum type ASD
4. Patent Ductus Arteriosus
5. None of the above





Answer:

The correct answer for the question "Which presents most commonly along with a Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection?" is:

2. Sinus Venosus ASD



Explanation
A) No reported correlation between VSD and PAPVC is described.

B) Sinus Venosus ASD is by far the most common. [Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection most commonly presents with an atrial septal defect, reportedly in 80-90% of cases (7). Of these, 85% are reportedly sinus venosus type, while 10-15% are secundum type (3).]

C) Secundum type ASD is less common.

D) No reported correlation between Patent Ductus Arteriosus and Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection is described.

E) 80-90% of reported Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection cases have an ASD. [Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection most commonly presents with an atrial septal defect, reportedly in 80-90% of cases (7)]



From the manuscript:
Rare Case of Left Upper Lobe Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection
Radiology Case. 2013 Jun; 7(6):9-14


This article belongs to the Chest section.




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From the manuscript

Rare Case of Left Upper Lobe Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection

Free full text article: Rare Case of Left Upper Lobe Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection

Abstract
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a rare abnormality with failure of connection between the initial draining system of the lungs and the common pulmonary vein. Right sided anomalous return is the most common form of anomalous connection, with left sided anomalous return uncommon. Presented is a case of left upper lobe partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection that was diagnosed incidentally on computed tomography (CT). This is an example of the utility of CT, in particular coronal, sagittal and 3-d reconstructions, in assessment of cardiopulmonary anatomy.






References



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2. Adler SC, Silverman JF. Anomalous venous drainage of the left upper lobe. Radiology 1973;108:563-565
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