Question:

The following investigations can be used to diagnose bladder as a content of hernial sac.
1. Ultrasonogram
2. Retrograde cystourethrogram
3. MRI
4. Intravenous urography
5. Cystoscopy





Answer:

The correct answers for the question "The following investigations can be used to diagnose bladder as a content of hernial sac." are:

1. Ultrasonogram

2. Retrograde cystourethrogram

3. MRI

4. Intravenous urography

5. Cystoscopy



Explanation

All of them can be used to diagnose bladder as a content of hernial sac.



From the manuscript:
Cystogram with dumbbell shaped urinary bladder in a sliding inguinal hernia
Radiology Case. 2009 Feb; 3(2):7-9


This article belongs to the GU section.




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From the manuscript

Cystogram with dumbbell shaped urinary bladder in a sliding inguinal hernia

Free full text article: Cystogram with dumbbell shaped urinary bladder in a sliding inguinal hernia

Abstract
Sliding inguinal hernias present with various symptoms and these are usually direct inguinal hernias containing various abdominal viscera. Case reports and series have been published with various organs and rare organs being part of the hernia. Urinary bladder is a known content of sliding hernias. This case report emphasizes this aspect in a picturesque manner and the importance of radiological investigations for pre-surgical evaluation.






References



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1. Sliding hernia

2. Prostatic hypertrophy

3. Inguinal hernia

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5. Cystogram


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