Question:

Surgical treatment for polyorchidism is warranted in the presence of coexisting conditions except,
1. Testicular torsion
2. Microlithiasis
3. Cryptorchism
4. Malignancy
5. Varicocele





Answer:

The correct answer for the question "Surgical treatment for polyorchidism is warranted in the presence of coexisting conditions except," is:

2. Microlithiasis



Explanation

As in the adult population, testicular microlithiasis in the pediatric population is generally thought to be associated with a higher incidence of testicular malignancy. Close sonographic observation is advised in cases of testicular microlithiasis and polyorchidism.



From the manuscript:
Supernumerary Testis
Radiology Case. 2009 Nov; 3(11):29-32


This article belongs to the GU section.




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From the manuscript

Supernumerary Testis

Free full text article: Supernumerary Testis

Abstract
Polyorchidism is a rare congenital anomaly of the genital tract in which more than two testes are present, usually within the scrotum. Less than 100 cases of polyorchidism have been reported in medical literature till date. The most common form is the presence of three testis referred as triorchidism or tritestis. There are characteristic sonographic features of polyorchidism, and the diagnosis is often made on the basis of ultrasonography. Magnetic resonance imaging can be used for confirmation. We present a case of polyorchidism in a 13 yrs old adolescent.






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