Question:

Which of the following statements are false?
1. Differential diagnosis for disc calcification includes metabolic processes such as ochronosis, hyperparathyroidism and homocystinuria.
2. The most common cause for adult disc calcification is degeneration and/or aging.
3. Gout and pseudogout can cause disc calcification.
4. Deposition of amyloid protein within disc spaces has been shown to cause calcification.
5. Juvenile intervertebral disc calcification is typically associated with calcification of the ligaments of the vertebral column.





Answer:

The correct answer for the question "Which of the following statements are false?" is:

5. Juvenile intervertebral disc calcification is typically associated with calcification of the ligaments of the vertebral column.



Explanation
A. Metabolic processes which can cause calcium metabolism disorders can cause disc calcification.  [Differential diagnoses include other entities which may cause disc calcification, including metabolic derangement such as alkaptonuria (ochronosis), acromegaly, hyperparathyroidism and homocystinuria.]

B. Disc calcification becomes more common with advancing age and disc degeneration.  [Finally, calcification of discs in adults are most commonly related to osteoarthritic degeneration and aging.]

C. Gout and pseudogout have been shown to cause disc calcification in addition to other findings.  [Other causes of disc calcifications are more likely to be seen in adults, including arthritic causes such as ankylosing spondylitis, gout and calcium pyrophosphate dihyrate disease (pseudogout), each with their own typical radiographic findings.]

D. Amyloidosis, when involving the intervertebral discs can calcify. [Amylodosis deposits into the discs may also demonstrate calcification.]

E. Pseudogout typically has calcification of the anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments, which is not associated with juvenile intervertebral disc calcification.  [Pseudogout is typically associated with calcifications of both the anterior and posterior longitudinal ligament.]



From the manuscript:
Children Presenting with Calcified Disc Herniation: A Self-Limiting Process.
Radiology Case. 2012 Oct; 6(10):11-19


This article belongs to the Pediatric section.




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From the manuscript

Children Presenting with Calcified Disc Herniation: A Self-Limiting Process.

Free full text article: Children Presenting with Calcified Disc Herniation: A Self-Limiting Process.

Abstract
We present two cases of disc herniation associated with juvenile intervertebral disc calcification, a rare, self-limiting process which typically resolves with conservative treatment. Recognition of this entity prevents unnecessary diagnostic workup and possible surgical intervention. A review of the literature for this rare entity is discussed.






References



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