Question:

Which of the following statements is true?
1. Aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM) occurs only in women.
2. It never occurs in premenopausal patients.
3. Ultrasound is the best modality for Aggressive angiomyxoma imaging.
4. Aggressive angiomyxoma might be mistaken for a Bartholin`s cyst on ultrasound.
5. The tumor is usually small at diagnosis.





Answer:

The correct answer for the question "Which of the following statements is true?" is:

4. Aggressive angiomyxoma might be mistaken for a Bartholin`s cyst on ultrasound.



Explanation
1. Aggressive angiomyxoma affects both sexes. [male to female ratio = 1:6.]

2. Aggressive angiomyxoma can occur in both pre- and postmenopausal women. [Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare soft tissue tumor which occurs predominantly in premenopausal women.]

3. MRI is the modality of choice for imaging aggressive angiomyxoma [MRI is the best modality for AAM imaging because of its ability to visualize a transdiaphragmatic spread and the relationship of the mass with the pelvic organs.]

4. Because of its cystic appearance on Ultrasound aggressive angiomyxoma can be mistaken for Bartholin`s cyst. [The tumor may present as a cystic lesion on ultrasound, which may lead to misdiagnosis of the lesion as simple Bartholin`s or vaginal cysts in female patients.]

5. The tumor is usually large at detection. [There is generally no involvement of adjacent organs which are often displaced by the tumor. Consequently, the tumor can already have a considerable size at the time of diagnosis.]



From the manuscript:
Radiographic diagnosis and differentiation of an aggressive angiomyxoma in a male patient
Radiology Case. 2013 Jul; 7(7):1-6


This article belongs to the General section.




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From the manuscript

Radiographic diagnosis and differentiation of an aggressive angiomyxoma in a male patient

Free full text article: Radiographic diagnosis and differentiation of an aggressive angiomyxoma in a male patient

Abstract
Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare soft-tissue tumor which usually occurs in female patients of reproductive age. Its occurrence in men is even more unusual and as illustrated in this case the difference between pathology suggested by a physical examination and its actual extent can be quite striking. We present a case report of an 81-year-old man with the typical MRI appearances of a pelvic aggressive angiomyxoma, describe imaging and histopathologic features of this rarely seen locally infiltrative neoplasm and also discuss therapeutic options for patients with an aggressive angiomyxoma.






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