Journal of Radiology Case Reports, Vol 9, No 11 (2015)

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Rosai-Dorfman Disease Isolated to the Thoracic Epidural Spine

Rosai-Dorfman Disease Isolated to the Thoracic Epidural Spine

Benjamin Kozak, Jason Talbott, Alina Uzelac, Bhavya Rehani

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Abstract


Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare benign histiocytic disease that infrequently presents in the spine. We report a case of Rosai-Dorfman disease isolated to the epidural thoracic spine in a 26-year-old male. To our knowledge, this is the 15th reported case of isolated spinal disease and only the fourth case of isolated thoracic epidural disease.  Given its rarity as well as non-specific symptoms and imaging findings, Rosai-Dorfman disease is often not considered and misdiagnosed on imaging studies. To help improve awareness of Rosai-Dorfman spinal disease, we review the literature and discuss the epidemiology, clinical presentation, imaging features, and treatment considerations for this condition.

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